The Oii Creek Flemings

and related families

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Generation Two

2. ANDREW2 FLEMING (John1); born born 17 January 1778 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania; died 14 October 183218 in Venango County, Pennsylvania; buried in Miller Farm Cemetery;19 married ANN MCCLINTOCK,20 born 1785 in probably eastern Pennsylvania; died 1880, probably in Venango County, place of burial not known. If the 1880 death date is correct, Ann would have been about 95 when she died.21

Ann was a sister of Hamilton McClintock and daughter of Hugh and Ann Carruthers McClintock—see McClintock Web Site.

According to Babcock (1919), page 396 and 397:
The Flemings were probably the first permanent settlers in the township [present–day Oil Creek Twp.], having established a residence here in 1796. In 1795 Andrew and Daniel Fleming made a visit to this section of the country from their home near Redstone Old Fort, Fayette county, where their father, a native of England [this is yet to be proved], was among the first settlers. He had come to America before the Revolution, served during the war as a commissary in the Continental army, and died in Fayette county leaving a family of grown sons [Ezekiel was probably only about six when John died]. The brothers returned to Venango county in 1796, Andrew securing 400 acres of land, and their mother, Mrs. Sarah Fleming, followed them hither in 1798 with four more brothers, Samuel, James, Ezekiel and Edward

Andrew was in the 1800,22 1810, 1820, and 1830 censuses for Allegheny Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania, and on the 1805 tax list, Allegheny Township. In 1800, Andrew and another male, both 16 and under 26, were enumerated.23 Probably the other male was Andrew’s brother Daniel. Sarah and her other sons were not enumerated with Andrew (and presumably Daniel) in 1800, indicating Sarah and the other sons came to Venango County between 1800 and 1805 when they appeared on the 1805 Venango County tax list. In 1810, Andrew was enumerated in Allegheny Township, living alone.24

By 1820 Andrew had married and had a family. Four males were enumerated.25 One was under 10; this would be Hugh Fleming, son of Andrew and Ann (McClintock) Fleming. Two were between 16 and 26. Possibly they were two of Andrew’s brothers. The one male 26 to 45 would be Andrew. Five females were in the 1820 household of Andrew Fleming. Three were under age 10; these would be Sarah Ann Fleming, Zibiah Fleming and Rachel Fleming. One female was 26 and under 45; this would be Andrew’s wife, Ann (McClintock) Fleming; and one female 45 or over. This female was probably Ann (Carruthers) McClintock, Hugh McClintock’s widow and mother of Ann (McClintock) Fleming. In 1830,26 the census is easier to interpret; there was one male under 5 (Andrew), 5–10 (John), 15–20 (Hugh), and 50–60 (Andrew, Sr.); one female 5–10 (Zibiah), 10–15 (Rachel), 15–20 (Sarah), 40–50 (Ann), and 70–80—again, she would probably be Ann (Carruthers) McClintock.

Bell (1890) mentions the following activities of Andrew: In 1804 Andrew Fleming was a constable in Allegheny Township (page 143). In 1824 (page 148), 1825 (page 149), and 1826 (page 150), Andrew was an overseer for Allegheny Township.

From Bell (1890), page 725:
The first mill was built by Andrew Fleming; it was also the first mill on Oil Creek. The machinery was principally of his own contriving. There were two runs on native stone and a waterwheel of primitive but ingenious construction. After the increase in population warranted such changes, improved appliances were imported from Pittsburgh and a saw mill added.

An 1845 Venango County Orphans Court document gives the names of two of Andrew and Ann’s daughters and the names of their spouses. A land deed, instituted in 1848 but not recorded until 1862, from the heirs of Andrew Fleming to William M. Henderson, is explicit in naming Andrew and Ann (McClintock) Fleming’s children, alive in 1848, and spouses:27

Know all men by these presents Samuel Shreve and Sarah Shreve his wife [,] Samuel Parshall and Zibiah Parshall his wife, John Fleming and Esther J. Fleming his wife and Andrew Fleming the heirs of the grantee within named for and in consideration of the sum of hundred Dollars to them in hand paid by Wm M. Henderson of Crawford County

In the margin of the deed book is the entry: “see Deed Book C, page 505 for original deed.” This deed is from the Holland Land Company to Andrew Fleming, see below. In 1848 two of Andrew’s children, Hugh and Rachel (wife of the above mentioned William M. Henderson), were deceased, as was Rachel’s only child, Maria Louisa Henderson. Hugh also left issue, William Fleming, but his name was not included as an heir. In 1848, Andrew, son of Andrew, was not yet married. An 1850 deed from Andrew’s married children to their unmarried brother, Andrew [Jr.], also names all children and their spouses.28

Andrew made the original Fleming claim in the Oil Creek area. In July 1805, he signed an article of agreement with the Holland Land Company. Venango County Deed Book B, page 364:

Article of Agreement between the Holland Land Company and Andrew Fleming, of Venango County. When the party of the second part shall have fulfilled the said conditions of settlement, improvement and residence, the party of the first part will procure a patent from the Commonwealth … and convey to the party of the second part in fee simple 100 acres of land, being the west end of a certain tract of land surveyed to Casper Long, situated on the waters of Oil Creek in the 7th (formerly McDowell’s) District, in consideration of which Andrew Fleming doth thereby engage to pay the Holland Land Company $1 on or before the first day of August next ensuing, erect or cause to be erected on the said premises a messuage fit for the habitation of man not less than 14 feet square, if not already done, and that the second party will live and reside or cause a family to live and reside therein during the term of six months, and that on or before October 1, 1806, eight acres, at least, shall be cleared and cultivated … Dated 11 July 1805. Witnesses: Henry Phillips and Joel Green.

On 4 May 1818, Andrew received the deed to this property.

As we will learn from an 1840 document.29 pertaining to Andrew’s son Hugh Fleming, Andrew, besides owning land in Venango County, owned 200 acres of unimproved land in Cussawago Township, Crawford County. How and why Andrew came into possession of this land in Cussawago Township, located in north central Crawford County, bordering on Erie County, Pennsylvania, remains a mystery.

Andrew died intestate. Letters of administration were filed for Andrew Fleming’s estate, late of Allegheny Township, on 29 October 1832.30 Francis McClintock, Ann Fleming and Myron Parks were named administrators of his estate.

Ann (and husband Andrew) were mentioned in the 1814 Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Orphan’s Court Docket, pertaining to her father, Hugh McClintock, dying intestate.31 In 1820 and 1830, the female over age of 45 living with Ann and Andrew Fleming in Venango County was probably Ann (Carruthers) McClintock, widow of Hugh McClintock and mother of Ann (McClintock) Fleming.

In 1840, Ann Fleming, head of household, was enumerated in Allegheny Township, Venango County with her family.32 In 1850, Ann was living in Allegheny Township in the household of her son–in–law Samuel Parshall, Ann E. Parshall (born circa 1845, a daughter of Zibiah), and Ann’s son Andrew Fleming.33 In 1860, Ann Fleming was living in Allegheny Township in the household of James and Catherine Shreve, the Shreve children, an Oakley Tyrell, James Tanner, Margaret Tanner (born circa 1830) and the Tanner children.34 Ann Fleming's daughter Sarah Ann Fleming had married Samuel Shreve, a son of James and Catherine Shreve.

An 1865 land deed.35 might give indications that Ann was selling her land to move out of Venango County, perhaps with either her son Andrew or son John. The deed lists Ann Fleming of Allegheny Township selling, for $400, two tracts of lands, one of 9 acres and 111 perches, one of 20 acres, both in Allegheny and Cherrytree Townships, to George DeCamp of Erie, Pennsylvania. These tracts were conveyed to Andrew Fleming by the Holland Land Company by deed recorded 4 May 1848, the “same land where Charlotte Jones resided and also same land conveyed to said Charlotte Jones mentioned in the deed of conveyance as Charlotte Aldrich by William M. Henderson.” I have no records of Ann after this 1865 deed. It was in 1865 that Ann’s sons John and Andrew moved to New York state. Possibly Ann moved with one of the sons and she is buried in New York state, but more likely she is buried in the Miller Farm Cemetery, and her stone has disappeared.

Children of Andrew and Ann (McClinktock)Fleming:

+ 8 i. Hugh3 Fleming, born circa 1811–1813; died 6 June 1837; buried Miller Farm Cemetery, Oil Creek Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania; married Elizabeth [—?—].
+ 9 ii. Sarah Ann Fleming, born circa 18I5, Allegheny Township; married Samuel A. Shreve.
+ 10 iii. Rachel Fleming, born circa 1816; died 4 September 1843; buried in Miller Farm Cemetery; married William Mitchell Henderson.
+ 11 iv. Zibiah Fleming, born 1820; died 1851; buried in Memory Acres Cemetery, Pleasantville, Pennsylvania; married Samuel Parshall.
+ 12 v. John Fleming, born 22 November 1822; died 10 September 1902 in Portland, Chautauqua County, New York; married Esther Jane Henderson.
+ 13 vi. Andrew Fleming, born circa 1825; married Alice A. [—?—], possibly Brownlee or Binney.

A parcel of Fleming and then McClintock land comes full cycle. In 1864, Andrew Fleming [Jr.] (#13) had recorded a purchase of land in Allegheny Township (a part that is in present–day Oil Creek Township) that was originally his father’s. Andrew [Jr.] recorded it at that time because he probably wanted to sell it, before moving out of Pennsylvania. The tract had an interesting history.

1. The tract was probably part of Andrew Fleming’s [Sr.] original claim in the Oil Creek area, being purchased from the Holland Land Company.36

2. Andrew Fleming [Sr.] died intestate in 1832. Francis McClintock and Ann Fleming were named administrators of his estate.37

3. Hugh Fleming (Andrew’s [Sr.] oldest son) was an heir to one–sixth of Andrew’s land. Hugh died intestate in 1837, leaving a widow, Elizabeth and a son William. Elizabeth Fleming and Adam Holiday (an attorney representing Elizabeth) of Crawford County were appointed administrator.38

4. In 1841, Elizabeth’s intestate interest in the land was sold to her mother–in–law, Ann (McClintock) Fleming, for $140.39

5. Francis McClintock, Ann’s brother, then reported in the 1841 document that he purchased for $100 the one–sixth undivided part, apparently from Ann.

6. Francis McClintock died testate 1847.40 One of Francis’s heirs was his son Hugh H. McClintock, who came into possession of the tract, or at least part of it.

7. Four deeds by heirs of Francis McClintock, instituted 21 February 1851 and recorded 20 February 1864, quit claim to Hamilton McClintock their interest in the tract of land of Hugh Fleming: “land being the one undivided sixth part in Allegheny Township … being the parcel that was assigned by deed bearing date 18 April 1845 by Ann Fleming to Francis McClintock, deceased, … father of the foresaid parties and at his death descended to his heirs . . .”41

8. In 1852, Hamilton McClintock and his wife, Sarah Ann, sold 8/11th of the undivided sixth part to Andrew Fleming [Jr.] for $72.42 The land of Andrew Fleming [Sr.] had come full cycle: from Flemings to McClintocks, and back to Flemings.

3. DANIEL2 FLEMING (John1), born 31 October 1779; died 26 August 1846,43 buried in a small private cemetery, Fleming Cemetery, in Harmony Township, Forest County Pennsylvania, where his stone reads “In memory of Daniel born 31 October 1779 who departed this life 26 August 1846, ae 66y 9m 27 da.”44 Daniel married NANCY HARDY possibly of Harrisville, Mercer Township, Butler County, Pennsylvania; born 1786.45 I have no information on when and where Nancy died or where she is buried, but apparently she is not buried with Daniel in the Forest County Fleming Cemetery.

Nancy’s maiden name is variously reported as Harding46 or Hardy. Probably Hardy is the correct name. According to Jordan (1913), page 250, Daniel Fleming married Nancy Hardy of Venango County. “She had a brother _____ Hardy who kept a hotel on the Franklin and Pittsburgh turnpike.” Nancy probably was related to Rachel Hardy, born 1780, perhaps her sister. Rachel was also from Mercer Township, Butler County; she married Francis McClintock (#17 of “McClintocks”), brother of Hamilton McClintock, Sr. see McClintock Web Site.

From Eugene F. Throop. 1987. Forest County, Pennsylvania Cemetery inscriptions. Heritage Books, Inc. 1540 East Pointer Ridge Place, Bowie, Maryland 20716–1859, page xii (with permission of Heritages Books):

FLEMING CEMETERY. Harmony Twp., Forest Co., PA: This cemetery [sometimes called Fleming Hill Cemetery] is about half an acre large and fenced. There are at least 25 burials according to depressions, tombstones, and graves marked by field stones. It is located near the Tollich farm three miles straight south of Fagundus, Instead of going down the hill into West Hickory, go straight onto a dirt road at the top of the hill. It is right along the left side of the road in a stretch of brush and woods.

In 1810 and 1820, Daniel was in Cherrytree Township, Venango County.47 In 1818 Daniel Fleming (with brother Edward Fleming) was on the tax list for Cherrytree Township.48

In 1824, Nancy (Hardy) Fleming brought divorce proceedings against Daniel Fleming.49 I do not know if a decision was recorded. In 1830 Nancy Hardy Fleming (without Daniel) was head of household with her children.50 In 1850, Nancy (Hardy) Fleming was living with son John H. Fleming.51

In 1826, after divorce proceedings, Daniel Fleming was in Tionesta, present–day Forest County. Excerpt from Leeson (1890). History of the Counties of McKean, Elk and Forest, Pennsylvania:

When Squire Fleming came to Tionesta in 1826 he found three families: The Ranges, Poland Hunter, and Nobles. The Squire and J. D. Dale built the house where J. Grove then resided.

Daniel’s first property in Tionesta Township was lost because of a defective title. This property was in the lowlands, near the Allegheny River, called Fleming Bottoms. He then owned a farm on higher ground, called Fleming Hill, about one half mile from West Hickory and half way to Fagundus, Pennsylvania.52 Apparently this was land granted to Daniel 1 November 1837.53 Daniel lost a leg in a rafting accident at Miller’s Eddy when a leg was caught in a raft line and had to be amputated.54

There is an 1864 land deed that lists the following heirs of Daniel Fleming: Andrew Fleming, James R. Fleming, William Fleming and wife Mary Ann, and James Fogle and Rachel Fogle [Daniel’s daughter].55 Not mentioned was eldest son, John H. Fleming.

Children of Daniel and Nancy (Hardy) Fleming:

+ 14 i. John3 H. Fleming, Fleming, born, 12 November 1805; died 11 January 1860 in Harmony, Forest County, Pennsylvania; married (first) Zuba Elderkin; married (second) Elizabeth Green; married (third) Ruth Thompson.
+ 15 ii. James Reed Fleming, born 1807 in Cherrytree Township, Venango County; married Mary Ann [—?—].
+ 16 iii. Andrew Silas Fleming, born circa 1811 in Cherrytree Township, Venango County; died 31 August 1877, Erie County, Pennsylvania; married Nancy [—?—].
+ 17 iv. Daniel Fleming, Jr., born 18 February 1813; married (first) Phebe Ann King; married (second) Loretta Copeland.
+ 18 v. Rachel Fleming, born 30 April 1815; died 26 December 1884; married (first) Alden Copeland; married (second) James Fogle.
+ 19 vi. William Fleming, born circa 1821; married Mary Ann Jamison.
Another daughter of Daniel and Nancy (Hardy) Fleming?
In the will of Daniel’s son John H. Fleming (#14) (written 6 December 1859, recorded 11 February 1860),56 John specifically refers to Enoch Jewett [an executor] as “my brother–in–law.” This has led Fleming workers to list another child of Daniel, a daughter who married Enoch Jewett. In the 1850 census for Deerfield Township, Warren County,57 there was an Enoch Jewett, born circa 1815 in New York. His wife was Martha, born circa 1813, but Martha was listed also being born in New York as was their oldest child (the other children were listed born in Pennsylvania58). Also, living next door to William Fleming (another son of Daniel) in Summit Township, Erie County, in 1870 was an “N.” Jewett, born circa 1823, Pennsylvania, farmer, real estate of $5000 and personal estate of $2000.59 His wife was Caroline, born circa 1825.

However original documents do not mention another daughter of Daniel and Nancy (other than Rachel); for example, the 1864 deed listing heirs of Daniel Fleming [Sr.],60 and an 1865 Orphans Court document.61 Also the 1830 census for Harmony Township,62 when Nancy Fleming was head of household, reports only two females, the one in the age 40–50 category would have been Nancy (Hardy) Fleming, the other was her daughter Rachel.

The confusion stems from John H. Fleming using the term "my brother-in-law" when he wrote his 1859 will. John H. Fleming's third wife was Ruth Thompson. She was a daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Van Alstyne) Thompson (see under John H. Fleming, #14, for sources). Another daughter of Samuel and Margaret was Martha Thompson, born December 1812. She was the wife of the Enoch Jewett living in Warren County in 1850. Enoch Jewett married a sister of John Fleming's wife Ruth; but, as we use the term today, Enoch Jewett was not John's brother-in-law. Enoch Jewell was the brother-in-law of John Fleming's wife, Ruth. In short, Rachel Fleming (Copeland) (Fogle) was apparently the only daughter of Daniel and Nancy Fleming.

4. SAMUEL2 FLEMING (John1), (the author’s direct line ancestor), born 10 May 1784, Fayette County, Pennsylvania; died 19 October 1859 in Oil Creek Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania; buried in Miller Farm Cemetery, Venango County, Pennsylvania;63 married 10 November 181364 JANE MCCLINTOCK, born 13 February 1796 apparently in Pittsburgh (Fort Pitt), Allegheny County, Pennsylvania; died October 1865;65 place of burial not known.66

Jane’s parents, Hamilton and Mary (Culbertson) McClintock, arrived in Venango County in the spring of 1796, after leaving Sherman’s Valley the preceding summer and staying in Fort Pitt until the spring of 1796.67 Jane therefore would have been born in Fort Pitt. For more information on our McClintocks and Culbertson, see McClintocks and Culbertsons in the section "Descendants Reports,"

Samuel and his brothers and mother probably arrived in the Oil Creek Valley from Fayette County in the late 1790s.68 Samuel was first enumerated in Allegheny Township in 1820,69 and this is where he continued to live.70 According to Bell (1890), page 724, Samuel eventually bought land (original claim of Jacob Richards) on the hill east of the Miller Farm. According to an obituary of Samuel’s son Samuel L. Fleming (#26), the original homestead in 1817 was known as the “Daily farm above Miller Farm . . .” In the 1850 federal census for Samuel Fleming, a page is apparently filmed out of order, see end note #70.

Samuel's first deed was instituted 17 February 1825, but not recorded until 26 November 1861:71

Holland Land Company to Samuel Fleming of Venango County, 100 acres in Allegheny Township, Venango County, part of tract #63. Consideration: $1. Dated 17 February 1825; recorded 26 November 1861. Witnesses; J. A. Blossom and Thomas Atkinson.

Another deed of Samuel Fleming pertaining to Holland Land Company land, this one for 54 acres of land in Allegheny Township for $84, was also recorded 26 November 1861.72

The Holland Land Company
The "purchase" of land for $1 from the Holland Land Company was a common arrangement in that area in the early nineteenth century. But how did a Dutch company get involved in the real estate business of northwestern Pennsylvania? The Holland, or Hollandsche, Land Company was organized in Holland in 1796 to speculate in American real estate.73 The Pennsylvania Population Company was another company speculating in American real estate at that time (eventually the Holland Land Company obtained control of this company).74 By the Purchase of 1784 (at which time the Six Nations relinquished their claims to land in Pennsylvania)75 and the Vacant Unwarranted Land Act of July 1784, the land was considered vacant if no proprietary warrant was on file.76 A settler or speculator could buy usually a maximum of 400 acres, if the applicant would fulfill the residency and cultivation requirements. Few settlers had the hard money to make such purchases, and the land companies obviously could not fulfill the residency requirements. The price of the land was reduced by the Land Act of 1792. This reduction presumably to make the land more attainable by settlers, allowed the Holland Land Company, because of an escape clause in the law, to obtain huge amounts of land. Although the Holland Company could not fulfill the requirements set out in the July 1784 act, they used “preventive certificates” to circumvent the residency and cultivation requirements by claiming they (the warrantee) were prevented or driven off the land by force of arms or enemies of the United States.77 Munger (1991), page 144, reports that Wilhelm Willinck, chief agent for the Holland Company, purchased over 1100 warrants in his own name. The Company’s total holdings west of the Allegheny River totaled a half million acres.78

The land companies’ methods to acquire warrants took advantage of the settlers’ quest for land. Obviously, the people of the Holland Land Company could not build a house, cultivate some of the land and physically live on the land of the thousands of 400 acre tracts they had surveyed. The Land Company would make an agreement with a person who could not afford to pay cash for 400 acres to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. If the settler would live on the 400 acre tract, build a habitable house and cultivate, usually, eight acres, then the Holland Land Company would pay the Commonwealth for the 400 acre tract, obtain clear title and by the agreement with the settler would sell fee simple (for example $1) a portion of the land, usually 100 acres,79 to the settler. This was the type of agreement Andrew Fleming (older brother of Samuel) made when he purchased the first Fleming land in the Oil Creek region. Andrew signed an article of agreement with the Holland Land Company 11 July 1805; he received the deed for the 100 acres, situated on both sides of Oil Creek, on 4 May 1818.80

Land values eventually dropped and the Holland Land Company entered into a variety of sale agreements simply to divest itself of its holdings. Also, settlers started squatting on land warranted to land companies, and in 1814 squatters were given legal priority over speculators, who at that time had to prove they were individually prevented or driven off the land by force of arms or enemies of the United States. Ultimately the Holland Land Company absorbed heavy losses on its investments.81 Today, a reminder of things past is the Holland Land Company Museum in Batavia, New York.82

Munger (1991), pages 201–206, lists five stages in obtaining land:
(1). Application to request a warrant.
(2). A warrant was then issued to order a survey.
(3). The survey, where the surveyor measured the land and marked the corners, these marks being the legal evidence of the survey. The surveyor was also required to name adjoining land owners. Sometimes, if the warrantee’s tract was recognized by his neighbors, there was no survey until the owner decided to obtain the patent.
(4). Return of survey document, which authorized the preparation of the patent.
(5). The patent, whereby the Commonwealth granted to the individual exclusive rights to the tract of land. The patent also summarized all the previous stages. Until 1889, when the law was rescinded, the patent also stated that the Commonwealth reserved one–fifth of all gold and silver ore to “be delivered at the pit’s mouth clear of all charges.”

Samuel was a farmer and lumberman. Samuel was drafted during the War of 1812, but was rejected because of poor health. He and Jane were pioneer members of the Pleasantville Baptist Church. Samuel was a Democrat83 —a pre–Civil War Democrat that is.

The 1850 census for Allegheny Township84 (Oil Creek Township was not formed until 1866, when it was formed from parts of Cornplanter and Allegheny Townships), lists eight of Samuel and Jane’s children (Sarah, Jane, Lucinda, Matilda, Rachel, Hamilton, Samuel and John) still living at home. Samuel [Sr.] died 19 October 1859. His will was dated 3 April 1854 and recorded 17 November 1859, with James and Elizabeth Strawbridge as witnesses and John S. Fleming and James Strawbridge as executors.85 At the time four of his daughters, Lucinda, Nancy Jane, Matilda, Rachel, and his granddaughter Mary Jane Dale, were not yet married. In his will, he gives his children Sarah Lytle, Washington Fleming, Hamilton Fleming, and Samuel L. Fleming each $1.00. (This was a common practice in those days, and perhaps still is, as a token of remembrance of loved ones who do not need help). Samuel obviously had a deep concern for the welfare of his four unmarried daughters and granddaughter Mary Jane Dale. To these five females as a group he gives a 50 acre tract and adds “it is my will that they shall have a good comfortable house to live in, about 24 feet square on the aforesaid 50 acres and one cow and two sheep apiece.” The will also directs “All the property that I possess is bound for the support and maintenance of my beloved wife Jane Fleming at the time of my death. But in case she should marry again it is my will that she receive a compensation awarded to her by law.”

According to family legend, late in Samuel’s life, the family built a frame house (possibly by Samuel and Jane’s sons) for Samuel, Jane and the unmarried daughters, but Samuel refused to live in the house, preferring the old log cabin house adjacent to the frame house.

In 1860, after Samuel’s death, Jane was living alone in Allegheny Township. At this time there were seven Fleming families enumerated consecutively in Allegheny Township: Hamilton Fleming and family in #88/85; John S. Fleming and family in #89/86; Jane (McClintock) Fleming in #90/87; Samuel L. Fleming and other children of Jane in #91/88; James Solley (also spelled Sauley) and wife Lucinda (Fleming) Solley and family in #92/89; William Lytle and Sarah (Fleming) Lytle and family in #93/90; and George Washington Fleming in #94/91.

There were apparently no mention of Samuel or Jane (McClintock) Fleming’s deaths in the Franklin and Titusville papers of those times.86 (There was no Titusville paper until 1859.)

Children of Samuel and Jane (McClinktock) Fleming:87

+ 20 i. Sarah3 Ann Fleming, born 14 February 1815, in Allegheny Township; died 6 March 1899; buried in Fairview Cemetery; married William Lytle.

21 ii. Mary Fleming, born 21 May 1817; died 28 March 1847; buried in Miller Farm Cemetery.88 Apparently Mary Fleming did not marry. There is a photograph of her stone in the Miller Farm Cemetery section.
+ 22 iii. Ann Fleming, born 20 June 1819; died 27 February 1848; buried in Miller Farm Cemetery; married John L. Dale.
+ 23 iv. George Washington Fleming, born 19 October 1821; died 6 January 1902; married 1849 Hannah Stewart.
+ 24 v. Hamilton Fleming, born 28 December 1823; died 23 April 1905 on his farm near Rimerton, Madison Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania; married Rosanna Holmes.
+ 25 vi. Lucinda Fleming, born 27 March 1826; died 1862 or 1863; married James Solley.
+ 26 vii. Samuel Lawrence Fleming, born 25 April 1828; died 29 December 1917;  married Hannah Stahl.
+ 27 viii. John S. Fleming, (author’s great grandfather), born 5 October 1830; died 18 January; married Hannah Rebecca Jamison.
+ 28 ix. Nancy Ann Fleming, born 25 March 1833; died 18 July 1870, place of burial not known, possibly in Miller Farm Cemetery.
+ 29 x. Matilda Fleming, born 5 April 1835; died 6 November 1867; married Chilon Clark.
+ 30 xi. Rachel Fleming, born 6 June 1838; died 15 December 1915; married Edward Seeley.

5. JAMES2 FLEMING (John1), born circa 1780–1790,89 died circa 1840–1850 (possibly 1842, see below) in Venango County, place of burial not known. According to an International Genealogical Index (IGI) item for Pennsylvania Flemings, James was born circa 1785. He was apparently born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania (as is known for his brothers Andrew, Daniel and Samuel).

James was the only child of John and Sarah Fleming not listed in the important 1824 Fayette County, Pennsylvania deed, see under John Fleming (#1). James was on the 1805, Allegheny Township tax list and the 1820 and 1840 censuses, same township.90 I could not find him in the 1830 and 1850 federal  censuses for Pennsylvania.

In an 1842 deed pertaining to James Fleming,91 H. J. Huidekoper “granted, bargained, sold, released” 100 acres of land to James Fleming for $1.00. The land, part of a larger tract designated as Holland Land Company Number 79, was contracted by James Fleming with “members of the Holland Land Company on 12 July 1835.” Without evidence, I believe this deed was expedited  because of James Fleming’s death.

The following is from Venango County, Pennsylvania, Orphans Court, April Term 1864, number 21, page 127: 92

Petition Of Samuel Fleming Administrator Of James Fleming For Leave To Sell Real Estate. August 1st 1864. Read in open court: the petition of Samuel Fleming administrator of the Estate of James Fleming late of Allegheny township in said county respectfully represented that the said James Fleming died intestate seised in his demesne as a fee the following real Estate viz one hundred acres of land in said township bounded north by line as of James Ferrell. East, by lands of same. South by lands of Samuel Fleming and west, by lands of John E. Benninghoff valued at four hundred dollars. The decedent left personal estate to the amount of eleven dollars as per Inventory and thereof filed and no other real estate and these are claimed against said Estate to the amt of one thousand dollars. Your petitioner therefore prays your honor to grant an order from said court to authorize a sale by him of the Real Estate above mentioned and he will ever pray. [Signed] Samuel Fleming

The same day a bond was filed by Samuel Fleming for $1,000, with Hamilton Fleming as surety. The Samuel Fleming (#26) and Hamilton Fleming (#24) would be nephews of James, both being sons of Samuel and Jane McClintock Fleming. On 23 August 1864, the real estate was sold to Alexander McCalmont of Franklin for $385.00,93 and on 5 September 1864 the land was purchased from Alexander McCalmont by Samuel Fleming for $400.94

James died intestate. James Fleming was listed in the Venango County, Pennsylvania, Index of Wills;95 no other information and no listing in Will Books.

In Babcock (1919), page 874, the following is said of James, Ezekiel, and Edward: “… one moved to Missouri, one moved to Ohio, and the sixth lived and died in Venango County.” Because both Edward and James were known to have died in Venango County, Ezekiel would have been the only son to leave Pennsylvania permanently, although perhaps James left Pennsylvania for a time between 1820 and 1835, since his name is not in the 1830 Pennsylvania census index.

James Fleming apparently did not marry, left few records, and was the only son not mentioned in his father’s will. He is the most mysterious of the six sons. Listed below are his known chronological events combined with my speculations about him; sources cited elsewhere.

1780–1790. Apparently born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

1795. Not mentioned in the last will and testament of his father, John Fleming.

1805. On the 1805 tax assessment list for Allegheny Township, Venango County.

1810. Not listed in the 1810 federal census for Venango County. Perhaps at that time he was living with brother Daniel. The 1810 federal census for Cherrytree Township lists one male, 16–26, living with Daniel;96 this male was possibly James.

1820. Enumerated living alone in Allegheny Township, Venango County.

1824. Not mentioned in the Fayette County, Pennsylvania, land deed instituted 24 January 1824, in which the other five sons sell land in Fayette County willed to them by their father, John Fleming.

1830. Not enumerated in Venango County; he was probably not in Pennsylvania. Since Ezekiel was know to have lived for a short time in Missouri, perhaps it was James who went to Ohio in the 1820s, but there was a large number of James Flemings present in the United States at that time.

1835. James was in Venango County and made a contract to purchase Holland County land in Allegheny Township.

1840. Enumerated living alone in Allegheny Township.

1842. Perhaps James died in 1842 prompting the Holland Land Company agent to institute the contract made with James in 1835, although the deed was not recorded until 1864.

1850. James was not enumerated in Venango County.

1860. Not enumerated in Venango County.

1864. The 1835 land deed of James Fleming was recorded, his estate administered, and his property sold. An alternate scenario would be for James to have still been alive in 1860 but missed on the 1850 and 1860 censuses.

6. EDWARD2 FLEMING ((John1), born between 1780 and 1790,97 apparently in Fayette County Pennsylvania (as is known for his brothers Andrew, Daniel and Samuel); died 1847;98 married [—?—]. Edward lived in Cherrytree Township, Venango County.

Edward's name does not appear on the 1805 Venango County tax list, but he might have been living with his brother Daniel in Cherrytree Township in 1810.99 Edward served as an Ensign in the One Hundred and Thirty Second Regiment, as did Ezekiel Fleming, during the War of 1812.100

I have no information on Edward’s wife. Age distributions of Edward’s household reported in the 1820, 1830 and 1840 censuses for Cherrytree Township indicate his wife probably died prior to the 1830 census.101 In the important 1824–1825 land deed to John Fleming, “joiner” of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, there is no mention of a wife for Edward, whereas Andrew and Samuel’s wives were mentioned. (Daniel at the time had divorced or was in the process of divorce proceedings.) As indicated below, Edward died intestate in Cherrytree Township in 1847.102 On 21 October 1847, his son John R. Fleming was appointed administrator with witnesses William and Washington Lamb. Edward’s other known child was a daughter, Amelia, who married Roswell Breed. After Amelia died in April 1841, Roswell Breed married Ann Lamb, born 21 September 1818; died 9 February 1908; buried in Breedtown Cemetery,103 re her stone.104 Ann Lamb was a daughter of James and Rebecca Lamb of the Plumer, Cornplanter Township, area. One of Edward’s grandsons was Robert B. Fleming, son of John R. Fleming. On 26 January 1860, Robert B. Fleming, being a minor over the age of 14, petitioned the Court to appoint a guardian. The court appointed Thomas Hamilton.105

Because of the above associations (both witnesses and guardians often have a family connection), possibly Edward’s wife was a Lamb or a Hamilton.

The will of David Elliott of Cornplanter Township, written 9 April 1847, recorded 27 July 1849,106 mentions Martha Fleming Lamb and Mary Hamilton, deceased, as two of the heirs, the other five being Elliotts. However there is apparently no connection between these heirs and Edward Fleming or any of our Flemings. This David Elliott apparently died without issue and left his estate to siblings and nieces and nephews. David Elliott’s parents were Robert and Rebecca (Fleming) Elliott, who were from Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Robert died in President Township, Venango County.107 Their children were David Elliott; William Elliott, born 25 January 1803; Robert Elliott; Sanderson Elliott; George Elliott; Martha Elliott (Mrs. John Lamb) and Mary Elliott (Mrs. Hamilton).

Newton (1879), page 120, lists the early (year not given) farms along upper Oil Creek in Venango County. Those proceeding north from James Miller [that is the Miller Farm] were reported as Andrew Fleming, then Edward Fleming, then Daniel Fleming, then Edward Griffins.

Below is a resume of information gathered for Edward Fleming and his family through 1998.

1780–1790. Born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

1805. Not on the Allegheny Township tax list (with brothers).

1813–1814. Edward Fleming, Ensign, 1813–1814 Roster of the 132 Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, Third County.108

1818. Edward Fleming (along with Daniel Fleming), on tax list for Cherrytree Township.109

1820. Edward Fleming, Cherrytree Township, 1820 federal census for Venango County (see below).

1823. Edward Fleming a constable for Cherrytree Township.110

1827. Edward Fleming a constable for Cherrytree Township.111

1828. Edward Fleming an auditor for Cherrytree Township.112

1830. Edward Fleming, Cherrytree Township, 1830 federal census for Venango County (see below).

1838. Edward Fleming taxed in Cherrytree Township for 200 acres at $250; 3 cows at $30; and one cow at $7. From 1838 through 1846, Edward continued to be taxed for 200 acres, cows, and oxen in Cherrytree Township. 113

1840. Edward Fleming, Cherrytree Township, 1840 federal census for Venango County.

1840. Venango County, Pennsylvania, land deed by Edward Fleming (by Treasurer) to Edward Fleming for land in Cherrytree Township, 195 acres, Tract 51.114 For the meaning of “By Treasurer” and “By Sheriff,” see end note #114.

1847. Last Cherrytree Township tax assessment of Edward Fleming: for 365 acres at $639; two oxen at $35; two cows at $13;and judgments at $24. In 1848, John Fleming (Edward’s son) was taxed: 28 acres at $145; 365 acres at $639; one house at $30; four cows at $32; notes at $61; and judgments and decrees at $61.115

1847. Letters of administration were filed for Edward Fleming, late of Cherrytree Township, 21 October 1847, Edward Fleming having died intestate.116 Son John Fleming was appointed administrator with witnesses William and M. and Washington Lamb.

1851. From a Venango County, Pennsylvania, land deed, 1851, between John Fleming [son of Edward] and wife to Smith Jones for 10 acres of land:117

Between John Fleming of Cherrytree Township, County of Venango and Sarah Elizabeth his wife of the first part and Smith Jones, of the Township of Allegheny, County aforesaid and State of Pennsylvania of the second part … consideration of thirty dollars … paid by the party of the second part … parcel of land situated in Allegheny Township, County and State aforesaid and bounded as follows on the North by land of James R. Fleming, on the East by lands of the party of the second part, on the west by the waters of Oil Creek and supposed to contain ten acres of land be the same more or less. It being a part of a larger tract of land settled by Edward Fleming of Cherrytree Township and County of Venango, Deceased

Another 1851 land deed mentions land of Edward Fleming, deceased.118

Children of Edward Fleming and wife or wives:

31 i. daughter3 Fleming, born circa 1810–1815.119
+ 32 ii. John R. Fleming, born 24 January 1818; died 28 May 1856; buried in Breedtown Cemetery (Cherrytree Township, Venango County); married 4 April 1844 Sarah Elizabeth Jamison.
+ 33 iii. Amelia Fleming, born 10 August 1819; died 29 April 1841; buried in Breedtown Cemetery; married Roswell Breed.

34 iv. (tentative) daughter Fleming, born circa 1810–1820.

35 v. son Fleming, born circa 1820.

36 vi. son Fleming, born circa 1820–1825.

37 vii. son Fleming, born circa 1820–1825.

7. EZEKIEL2 FLEMING (John1), born 1789120 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, probably died between 1850 and 1855121 in Wayne County, Illinois, District Eleven; married [—?—], probably between 1830–1832; wife was born between 1790 and 1800,122 She apparently was deceased by the time of the 1850 federal census for Wayne County.123 In this census Ezekiel was enumerated as born circa 1789 in Pennsylvania with no real or personal estate listed.

Note that our Ezekiel Fleming has been reported marrying Margaret McCastin 6 January 1820 in Preble County, Ohio (Ohio Marriages, 1803-1900). But he was not our Ezekiel Fleming. The Ezekiel Fleming marrying Margaret McCastin was born in Kentucky. He was enumerated in Preble County, Ohio, (page 333) in 1830; in Huntington County, Indiana, (page 167) in 1840; and in Huntington County, Indiana, (page 54B) in 1850. Here is the 1850 federal census report: Ezekiel Fleming, age 50, farmer, born in Kentucky. Margaret Fleming, age 52, born in Kentucky. Morley Fleming, age 16, farmer, born in Ohio. Margaret Blair (middle name? or not a daughter?), born 1840 in Indiana.

A 24 May 1997 letter from the Clay County Illinois Genealogical Society, by Agnes Bryant,124 reported not being able to find a record of Ezekiel’s death or burial in Wayne County. Also, Ezekiel was not listed in the Wayne County, 1855 Illinois State census. The only item Ms. Bryant found probably pertaining to our Ezekiel Fleming in Wayne County is from Wayne County, Illinois, Miscellaneous Newspapers, 1852–1865: “List of letters remaining in the Post Office at Fairfield, Illinois, on the 3rd of June 1853, which if not taken out by the first day of October next will be sent to the Post–Office Department at Washington City as Dead Letters.” One of the names listed as having a letter was Ezekiel Fleming.

132nd Regiment, Pensylvania Militia

During the War of 1812, Ezekiel served in the Eighth Company, 132nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, as did Edward Fleming who was in Third Company. Ezekiel also served as a volunteer with Perry's fleet on Lake Erie.125

Bell (1890), pages 265–274, gives an account of the 132nd Regiment’s activities during the War of 1812. The militia in western Pennsylvania was under the command of Major General Adamson Tannehill. The 16th Division of the western Pennsylvania State Militia (including Venango County) was under the command of General David Mead. Its First Brigade included the 132nd under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Dale. The Regiment was activated in the summer of 1813 in response to the British Fleet on Lake Erie. The Regiment marched to Erie, but the British ships had sailed westward, and the 132nd returned to Venango County and vicinity where the Regiment was discharged 9 August 1813. However Colonel Dale received marching orders again on 6 January 1814, the 132nd again marched to Erie. But the “alarm proved to be a delusion,” and again the Regiment returned home without seeing action. The Regiment was discharged 10 February 1814. The treaty ending the war with the British was signed 24 December 1814. Besides Ezekiel and Edward Fleming, several other Fleming–line ancestors and known associates served in the 132nd Regiment during the War of 1812.126 Those included in Third Company were privates John Rynd (#4 of ‘Neills),” Samuel Small (#1 of “The Captain Samuel Small Family of Jackson Township” in the Notes on Smalls section), William Story (#3 of “Storys of Cornplanter Township”), Elijah Stewart (#1 of “The Elijah Stewart Family of Cherrytree Township” in the of Notes on Stewarts section) and John Tarr (probably the father of James Tarr, #71 of “McClintocks”). In Eighth Company: privates William Broadfoot (#2 of “Hendersons”), Samuel Henderson (#4 of “Hendersons”), Andrew Hunter (tentative #3 of “Poland Hunter” in the Notes on Hunters section), James Shreve (#11 of “Notes on Shreves”), and Robert Watson (#1 of “Watsons.”) Also, Helene Rogers (Ridgewood, New Jersey) received a letter from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, dated 14 January 1974, reporting that Hamilton McClintock [Sr.] (#15 of “McClintocks”) served in the 132nd Regiment, 3rd Company, under Captain Daniel McComb from 2 January to 9 February 1814. Probably other ancestors of our lines served in the 132nd Regiment as well, but were not reported by Bell (1890) as doing so.

Ezekiel’s name does not appear on the 1805 Venango County tax list for the Fleming clan; however there was a John Fleming listed, and possibly he was Ezekiel. Ezekiel’s name was not in the 1810 and 1820 federal censuses for Venango County. At the time he was possibly living with his brother Edward. In 1830, Ezekiel was living alone in Vanderburgh County, Indiana.127 In 1840 and 1850, Ezekiel and family were in Wayne County, Illinois, which is about 40 miles northwest of Vanderburgh County, Indiana.128

There are at least four land and property records for Ezekiel Fleming recorded in Venango County.129

(1). Ezekiel Fleming to Robert Longwell, 1819, Plum, 1/2 tract.130
(2). Ezekiel Fleming to William Neeley, 1820, for Donation Lot. Witnesses were Ninian and James Irwin. 131
(3). Ezekiel Fleming (by Treasurer) to David Terrill, 1822, for 100 acres in Allegheny Township.132 Tentatively I am taking the “by Treasurer” to mean the Grantor, namely Ezekiel Fleming, did not pay his taxes and the land was sold by the Treasurer. Note: Probably the grantee David Terrill was a relative, perhaps the father, of the David Terrill (died 11 January 1847, aged 21) whose nail–studded pine coffin was dug into and vandalized in 1972 in Miller Farm Cemetery.133
(4). Ezekiel Fleming to George Groves, 1823, for 100 acres, part of Donation Tract in Plum.134

Although Donation Land records are available from the Pennsylvania State Archives, I have not tried to find records for Ezekiel Fleming. Donation tracts were originally intended for soldiers who served to the end of the Revolutionary War. Distribution was by lottery, starting in 1786 and continuing to 1 April 1810; Donation land tracts not drawn became available to the general public in 1813. Also, heirs could claim the land of a deceased soldier.135 In Venango County, most Donation tracts were in present–day Canal, Jackson and Plum Townships.

Fleming is a common name, but Ezekiel Fleming is not. For other Ezekiel Flemings of the early federal censuses,136  see end note #136.

To return to Babcock’s (1919) statement on James, Ezekiel, and Edward: “… one moved to, Missouri, one moved to Ohio, and the sixth lived and died in Venango County.” If this statement is accurate, the scenario, based on censuses and other documents, might go like this: Edward Fleming did not leave Pennsylvania. James Fleming left after 1820, “moved to Ohio,” and returned after 1830 and before 1836 to Pennsylvania. Ezekiel Fleming left permanently, probably shortly after the 1824–1825 Fayette land deed was settled, first to Indiana, then to Illinois. Without evidence he possibly died in Missouri (and hence the source of “one moved to Missouri”). His son Ezekiel [Jr.] (#40) did live in Missouri in the late 1870s.

Proposed Chronology of Ezekiel Fleming, see elsewhere for sources.

1789. Born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.
1805. Possibly on tax list for Allegheny Township, Venango County, listed as John Fleming.
1814. In the War of 1812.
1819. Land deed in name of Ezekiel in Venango County.
1820. Land deed in name of Ezekiel in Venango County.
1822. Land deed in name of Ezekiel in Venango County.
1823. Land deed in name of Ezekiel in Venango County.
1824. Fayette County deed, indicating Ezekiel was still in Venango County and without a wife.
1830. Living alone in Vanderburgh County, Indiana.
1832. Birth of probably first child, Hiram, in Illinois.
1840. With wife and family in District 11, Wayne County, Illinois.
1850. With children in District 11, Wayne County Illinois; wife apparently deceased.
1853. Unclaimed letter to an Ezekiel Fleming listed in Wayne County, Illinois, remaining in the Post Office at Fairfield, Illinois, on the 3rd of June 1853.137
1855. Not in the 1855 state census for Illinois and probably not in the 1860 federal census for any state.

Children of Ezekiel and [-?-} Fleming:

+ 38 i. Hiram3 Fleming, born circa 1832 in Illinois; married Celina C. Overlin.

39 ii. Sarah Fleming, born circa 1834 in Illinois.138
+ 40 iii. Ezekiel Marion Fleming, born circa 1836 in Illinois; married Mary J. Gee.

41 iv. John Fleming, born circa 1838 in Illinois.

42 v. Andrew Fleming, born circa 1840 in Illinois.

Maps and Venango County Townships
Edith Marie Fleming Chart
Generation One
Generation Two
Generation Three
Generation Four
Generation Five
The Miller Farm Cemetery
Oil and Our Oil Creek Ancestors
Descendants Reports
Web Page Index
End Notes

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Copyright © Canada, by Hugh F. Clifford
1999, 2004